Indiana flag
Skills available for Indiana second-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

Show alignments for:


1 Students differentiate between events that happened in the past and recently, recognize examples of continuity and change in local and regional communities, and consider ways that people and events of the past and present influence their lives.

  • Historical Knowledge

    • 2.1.1 Identify when the local community was established and identify its founders and early settlers.

    • 2.1.2 Explain changes in daily life in the community over time using maps, photographs, news stories, Web sites or video images.

    • 2.1.3 Identify individuals who had a positive impact on the local community.

    • 2.1.4 Identify and describe community celebrations, symbols and traditions and explain why they are important.

  • Chronological Thinking, Historical Comprehension, Research

    • 2.1.5 Develop a simple timeline of important events in the history of the school and/or school community.

    • 2.1.6 Create and maintain a calendar of important school days, holidays and community events.

    • 2.1.7 Read about and summarize historical community events using a variety of resources (the library, digital media, print media, electronic media, and community resources).

2 Students explain why communities have government and laws, demonstrate that people in the United States have both rights and responsibilities, and identify individual actions that contribute to the good of the community and nation.

  • Foundations of Government

    • 2.2.1 Explain that the United States government is founded on the belief of equal rights for its citizens.

  • Functions of Government

    • 2.2.2 Understand and explain why it is important for a community to have responsible government.

    • 2.2.3 Identify community leaders, such as the mayor and city council.

  • Roles of Citizens

    • 2.2.4 Describe how people of different ages, cultural backgrounds and traditions contribute to the community and how all citizens can respect these differences.

    • 2.2.5 Identify people who are good citizens and describe the character traits that make them admirable.

    • 2.2.6 Discuss and explain the meaning of the Pledge of Allegiance and understand the role played by Benjamin Harrison (Indiana's only President) in promoting recitation of the Pledge by American school children; identify other ways citizens can affirm their citizenship.

    • 2.2.7 Explain the consequences of violating laws, including punishment of those who do wrong, and the importance of resolving conflicts appropriately.

3 Students locate their community, state and nation on maps and globes; identify major geographic characteristics of their local community; explore geographic relationships between the physical and environmental characteristics of their community, and compare neighborhoods in their community to those in other parts of the world.

  • The World in Spatial Terms

    • 2.3.1 Use a compass to identify cardinal and intermediate directions and to locate places on maps and places in the classroom, school and community.

    • 2.3.2 Locate the equator and the poles on a globe and identify the local community, state and the United States on maps.

  • Places and Regions

    • 2.3.3 Compare neighborhoods in your community and explain how physical features of the community affect people living there.

    • 2.3.4 Compare neighborhoods in your community with those in other parts of the world.

  • Physical Systems

    • 2.3.5 On a map, identify physical features of the local community.

  • Human Systems

    • 2.3.6 Identify and describe cultural or human features on a map using map symbols.

    • 2.3.7 Describe simple demographics of the school.

  • Environment and Society

    • 2.3.8 Identify ways that recreational opportunities influence human activity in the community.

4 Students describe how people in a community use productive resources, create a variety of businesses and industries, specialize in different types of jobs, and depend on each other to supply goods and services.

  • 2.4.1 Define the three types of productive resources (human resources, natural resources and capital resources).

  • 2.4.2 Identify productive resources used to produce goods and services in the community.

  • 2.4.3 Identify community workers who provide goods and services for the rest of the community and explain how their jobs benefit people in the community.

  • 2.4.4 Explain that a price is what people pay when they buy goods or services and what people receive when they sell goods or services.

  • 2.4.5 Research goods and services produced in the local community and describe how people can be both producers and consumers.

  • 2.4.6 Define opportunity cost and explain that because resources are limited in relation to people's wants (scarcity), people must make choices as to how to use resources.

  • 2.4.7 Define specialization and identify specialized jobs in the school and community.

  • 2.4.8 Explain why people trade for goods and services and explain how money makes trade easier.

  • 2.4.9 Explain the concept of savings and why this is important for individuals and for our economy.