1.1.1 Students will be able to ask questions about aspects of the phenomena they observe, the conclusions they draw from their models or scientific investigations, each other's ideas, and the information they read.
5P.18.104.22.168 Ask investigatable questions and predict reasonable outcomes about the changes in energy, related to speed, that occur when objects interact.
1.2.1 Students will be able to design and conduct investigations in the classroom, laboratory, and/or field to test students' ideas and questions, and will organize and collect data to provide evidence to support claims the students make about phenomena.
5P.22.214.171.124 Conduct an investigation to determine whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances.
2.2.1 Students will be able to use mathematics to represent physical variables and their relationships; compare mathematical expressions to the real world; and engage in computational thinking as they use or develop algorithms to describe the natural or designed worlds.
5P.126.96.36.199 Measure and graph quantities to provide evidence that regardless of the type of change that occurs when heating, cooling, or mixing substances, the total weight of matter is conserved.
5E.188.8.131.52 Use data to describe patterns in the daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky.
3 Developing possible explanations of phenomena or designing solutions to engineering problems
3.1 Developing and using models
3.1.1 Students will be able to develop, revise, and use models to represent the students' understanding of phenomena or systems as they develop questions, predictions and/or explanations, and communicate ideas to others.
5P.184.108.40.206 Develop and refine a model to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen.
3.2 Constructing explanations and designing solutions
3.2.1 Students will be able to apply scientific principles and empirical evidence (primary or secondary) to explain the causes of phenomena or identify weaknesses in explanations developed by the students or others.
5P.220.127.116.11 Construct an explanation based on evidence relating the speed of an object to the energy of that object.
3.2.2 Students will be able to use their understanding of scientific principles and the engineering design process to design solutions that meet established criteria and constraints.
5P.18.104.22.168 Apply scientific ideas to design, test, and refine a device that converts energy from one form to another.
4 Communicating reasons, arguments and ideas to others
4.1 Engaging in Arguing from evidence
4.1.1 Students will be able to engage in argument from evidence for the explanations the students construct, defend and revise their interpretations when presented with new evidence, critically evaluate the scientific arguments of others, and present counter arguments.
5E.22.214.171.124 Use evidence to support an argument that the apparent brightness of the sun and stars is due to their relative distances from Earth.
4.1.2 Students will be able to argue from evidence to justify the best solution to a problem or to compare and evaluate competing designs, ideas, or methods.
5L.126.96.36.199 Evaluate the merit of a solution to a problem caused by changes in plant and animal populations as a result of environmental changes.