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Skills available for Minnesota eighth-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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1 Citizenship and Government

  • 1 Civic Skills

    • 1 Democratic government depends on informed and engaged citizens who exhibit civic skills and values, practice civic discourse, vote and participate in elections, apply inquiry and analysis skills and take action to solve problems and shape public policy.

      • Exhibit civic skills, including participating in civic discussion on issues in the contemporary world, demonstrating respect for the opinions of people or groups who have different perspectives, and reaching consensus.

  • 5 Relationships of the United States to other nations and organizations

    • 11 International political and economic institutions influence world affairs and United States foreign policy.

      • Explain why governments belong to different types of economic alliances and international and regional organizations.

    • 12 Governments are based on different political philosophies and purposes; governments establish and maintain relationships with varied types of other governments.

      • Explain how different types of governments reflect historically and culturally specific understandings of the relationships between the individual, government and society.

2 Economics

  • 1 Economic Reasoning Skills

    • 1 People make informed economic choices by identifying their goals, interpreting and applying data, considering the short- and long-run costs and benefits of alternative choices and revising their goals based on their analysis.

      • Apply reasoned decision-making techniques in making choices; explain why different governments faced with the same alternatives might make different choices.

  • 3 Fundamental Concepts

    • 4 Economic systems differ in the ways that they address the three basic economic issues of allocation, production and distribution to meet society's broad economic goals.

      • Identify factors which affect economic growth (percentage changes in real Gross Domestic Product—real GDP) and lead to a different standard of living in different countries.

      • Identify characteristics of command, mixed, and market-based (capitalist) economies; classify the economic systems of countries in a given region.

  • 5 Macro-economics

    • 12 International trade, exchange rates and international institutions affect individuals, organizations and governments throughout the world.

      • Explain why trade is mutually beneficial to countries; define and apply absolute and comparative advantage with respect to international trade.

3 Geography

4 History

  • 1 Historical Thinking Skills

    • 2 Historical inquiry is a process in which multiple sources and different kinds of historical evidence are analyzed to draw conclusions about how and why things happened in the past.

      • Pose questions about a topic in world history; gather and organize a variety of primary and secondary sources related to the questions; analyze sources for credibility and bias; suggest possible answers and write a thesis statement; use sources to draw conclusions and support the thesis; and present supported findings and cite sources.

  • 3 World History

    • 13 Post-World War II political reorganization produced the Cold War balance of power and new alliances that were based on competing economic and political doctrines.

      • Analyze connections between revolutions, independence movements and social transformations during the Cold War era.

      • Explain the major differences in the political and economic ideologies and values of the Western democracies and the Soviet bloc.

      • Describe political challenges and struggles of newly independent countries during the Cold War era.

    • 14 Globalization, the spread of capitalism and the end of the Cold War have shaped a contemporary world still characterized by rapid technological change, dramatic increases in global population and economic growth coupled with persistent economic and social disparities and cultural conflict.

      • Describe causes of economic imbalances and social inequalities among the world's peoples in the post-colonial world and efforts made to close those gaps.

      • Compare and contrast the development of diasporic communities throughout the world due to regional conflicts, changing international labor demands and environmental factors.

      • Describe varieties of religious beliefs and practices in the contemporary world including Shamanism/Animism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam.

      • Analyze how Pacific Rim countries have achieved economic growth in recent decades.

      • Assess the state of human rights around the world as described in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

      • Describe how movements and social conditions have affected the lives of women in different parts of the world.

      • Assess the influence of television, the Internet and other media on cultural identity and social and political movements.

      • Describe how groups are reviving and maintaining their traditional cultures, identities and distinctiveness in the context of increasing globalization.