New Mexico

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Skills available for New Mexico second-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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  • II Students understand how physical, natural, and cultural processes influence where people live, the ways in which people live, and how societies interact with one another and their environments.

    • II-A Understand the concept of location by using and constructing maps, globes, and other geographic tools to identify and derive information about people, places, and environments.

    • II-B Distinguish between natural and human characteristics of places and use this knowledge to define regions, their relationships with other regions, and patterns of change.

      • 1 Describe how climate, natural resources, and natural hazards affect activities and settlement patterns.

      • 2 Explain how people depend on the environment and its resources to satisfy their basic needs.

    • II-C Be familiar with aspects of human behavior and man-made and natural environments in order to recognize their impact on the past and present.

      • 1 Identify ways in which people depend on natural and man-made environments including natural resources to meet basic needs.

    • II-D Understand how physical processes shape the Earth's surface patterns and biosystems.

      • 1 Describe the physical processes that affect the Earth's features (e.g., weather, erosion).

      • 2 Identify characteristics of physical systems (e.g., water cycle).

    • II-E Describe how economic, political, cultural, and social processes interact to shape patterns of human populations, and their interdependence, cooperation, and conflict.

      • 1 Describe how characteristics of culture affect behaviors and lifestyles.

    • II-F Describe how natural and man-made changes affect the meaning, use, distribution, and value of resources.

      • 1 Describe ways that people and groups can conserve and replenish natural resources.

Civics and Government

  • III Students understand the ideals, rights, and responsibilities of citizenship and understand the content and history of the founding documents of the United States with particular emphasis on the United States and New Mexico constitutions and how governments function at local, state, tribal, and national levels.


  • IV Students understand basic economic principles and use economic reasoning skills to analyze the impact of economic systems (including the market economy) on individuals, families, businesses, communities, and governments.

    • IV-A Understand that individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies make decisions that affect the distribution of resources and that these decisions are influenced by incentives (both economic and intrinsic).

      • 1 Identify economic decisions made by individuals and households and explain how resources are distributed.

    • IV-B Understand that economic systems impact the way individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies make decisions about goods and services.

    • IV-C Understand the patterns and results of trade and exchange among individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies, and their interdependent qualities.

      • 1 Understand that money is the generally accepted medium of exchange in most societies, and that different countries use different currencies.