New Mexico

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Skills available for New Mexico sixth-grade social studies standards

Standards are in black and IXL social studies skills are in dark green. Hold your mouse over the name of a skill to view a sample question. Click on the name of a skill to practice that skill.

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  • II Students understand how physical, natural, and cultural processes influence where people live, the ways in which people live, and how societies interact with one another and their environments.

    • 2-A analyze and evaluate the characteristics and purposes of geographic tools, knowledge, skills and perspectives and apply them to explain the past, present and future in terms of patterns, events and issues:

      • 1 identify the location of places using latitude and longitude; and

      • 2 draw complex and accurate maps from memory and interpret them to answer questions about the location of physical features.

    • 2-B explain the physical and human characteristics of places and use this knowledge to define regions, their relationships with other regions, and their patterns of change:

      • 1 explain how places change due to human activity;

      • 2 explain how places and regions serve as cultural symbols and explore the influences and effects of regional symbols; and

      • 3 identify a region by its formal, functional or perceived characteristics.

    • 2-C understand how human behavior impacts man-made and natural environments, recognize past and present results and predict potential changes:

      • 1 compare and contrast the influences of man-made and natural environments upon ancient civilizations.

    • 2-D explain how physical processes shape the earth's surface patterns and biosystems:

      • 1 describe how physical processes shape the environmental patterns of air, land, water, plants and animals.

    • 2-E explain how economic, political, cultural and social processes interact to shape patterns of human populations and their interdependence, cooperation and conflict:

    • 2-F understand the effects of interactions between human and natural systems in terms of changes in meaning, use, distribution and relative importance of resources

      • 1 understand how resources impact daily life

Civics and Government

  • III Students understand the ideals, rights, and responsibilities of citizenship and understand the content and history of the founding documents of the United States with particular emphasis on the United States and New Mexico constitutions and how governments function at local, state, tribal, and national levels.

    • 3-A demonstrate understanding of the structure, functions and powers of government (local, state, tribal and national):

    • 3-B explain the significance of symbols, icons, songs, traditions and leaders of New Mexico and the United States that exemplify ideals and provide continuity and a sense of unity:

      • 1 describe the significance of leadership in democratic societies and provide examples of local, national and international leadership, to include: qualities of leadership; names and contributions of New Mexico leaders; names and contributions of national leaders.

    • 3-C compare political philosophies and concepts of government that became the foundation for the American revolution and the United States government:

    • 3-D explain how individuals have rights and responsibilities as members of social groups, families, schools, communities, states, tribes and countries:

      • 1 understand that the nature of citizenship varies among societies


  • IV Students understand basic economic principles and use economic reasoning skills to analyze the impact of economic systems (including the market economy) on individuals, families, businesses, communities, and governments.

    • 4-A explain and describe how individuals, households, businesses, governments and societies make decisions, are influenced by incentives (economic as well as intrinsic) and the availability and use of scarce resources, and that their choices involve costs and varying ways of allocating:

      • 1 explain and predict how people respond to economic and intrinsic incentives.

    • 4-B explain how economic systems impact the way individuals, households, businesses, governments and societies make decisions about resources and the production and distribution of goods and services:

      • 1 describe the characteristics of traditional, command, market and mixed economic systems;

      • 2 explain how different economic systems affect the allocation of resources; and

      • 3 understand the role that "factors of production" play in a society's economy (e.g., natural resources, labor, capital, entrepreneurs).

    • 4-C describe the patterns of trade and exchange in early societies and civilizations and explore the extent of their continuation in today's world:

      • 1 compare and contrast the trade patterns of early civilizations; and

      • 2 analyze the impact of the Neolithic agricultural revolution on mankind, and the impact of technological changes in the bronze age and the iron age.