I Students are able to identify important people and events in order to analyze significant patterns, relationships, themes, ideas, beliefs, and turning points in New Mexico, United States, and world history in order to understand the complexity of the human experience.
I-A Describe how contemporary and historical people and events have influenced New Mexico communities and regions
1 Describe how the lives and contributions of people of New Mexico influenced local communities and regions.
I-B Understand connections among historical events, people, and symbols significant to United States history and cultures.
1 Describe local events and their connections to state history.
I-C Students will identify and describe similar historical characteristics of the United States and its neighboring countries.
1 Identify and compare components that create a community in the United States and its neighboring countries.
3 Describe the consequences of human modification of the natural environment (e.g., use of irrigation to improve crop yields, highways).
II-D Understand how physical processes shape the Earth's surface patterns and biosystems.
1 Identify the components of the Earth's biosystems and their makeup (e.g., air, land, water, plants, and animals).
2 Describe how physical processes shape features on the Earth's surface.
II-E Describe how economic, political, cultural, and social processes interact to shape patterns of human populations, and their interdependence, cooperation, and conflict.
1 Describe how patterns of culture vary geographically.
2 Describe how transportation and communication networks are used in daily life.
3 Describe how cooperation and conflict affect neighborhoods and communities.
II-F Describe how natural and man-made changes affect the meaning, use, distribution, and value of resources.
1 Identify the characteristics of renewable and nonrenewable resources.
Civics and Government
III Students understand the ideals, rights, and responsibilities of citizenship and understand the content and history of the founding documents of the United States with particular emphasis on the United States and New Mexico constitutions and how governments function at local, state, tribal, and national levels.
III-A Know the fundamental purposes, concepts, structures, and functions of local, state, tribal, and national governments.
1 Explain the basic structure and functions of local governments.
3 Explain how New Mexico helps to form a nation with other states.
III-B Identify and describe the symbols, icons, songs, traditions, and leaders of local, state, tribal, and national levels that exemplify ideals and provide continuity and a sense of community across time.
1 Explain how symbols, songs, icons, and traditions combine to reflect various cultures over time.
IV Students understand basic economic principles and use economic reasoning skills to analyze the impact of economic systems (including the market economy) on individuals, families, businesses, communities, and governments.
IV-A Understand that individuals, households, businesses, governments, and societies make decisions that affect the distribution of resources and that these decisions are influenced by incentives (both economic and intrinsic).
1 Explain that people want more goods and services than is possible to produce.