L.2 Within the context of authentic English writing and speaking
L.2.1.a Use commas and quotation marks in dialogue.
L.2.1.b Form and use possessives.
L.2.1.c Add prefixes and suffixes to base words (e.g., sitting, smiled, cries, happiness).
L.2.1.d Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of a sentence.
L.2.1.e Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to indicate titles of works.
L.2.1.f Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed and/or using spelling patterns and generalizations (e.g., word families, position-based spelling, syllable patterns, ending rules, meaningful word parts).
L.2.2 Display proficiency in:
L.2.2.g Use commas and quotation marks to mark direct speech and quotations from a text.
L.2.2.i Use punctuation to separate items in a series.
L.2.2.j Use a comma to set off the words yes and no (e.g., Yes, thank you), to set off a tag question from the rest of the sentence (e.g., It's true, isn't it?) and to indicate direct address (e.g., Is that you, Steve?).
L.2.3 Continually use and maintain proficiency:
Knowledge of Language
L.3 Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
L.3.a Choose words and phrases to convey ideas precisely.
L.4.c Consult reference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print and digital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaning of key words and phrases.
L.6 Acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, including those that signal precise actions, emotions, or states of being (e.g., quizzed, whined, stammered) and that are basic to a particular topic (e.g., wildlife, conservation, and endangered when discussing animal preservation).