L.1.1.i Form and use comparative and superlative adjectives and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.
L.1.1.j Use adverbs depending on what is to be modified.
L.1.1.k Form and use comparative and superlative adverbs and choose between them depending on what is to be modified.
L.1.1.l Use coordinating and subordinating conjunctions.
L.1.1.m Use and explain interjections.
L.1.2.n Correctly use common homophones (e.g., to, too, two; there, their).
L.1.2.o Ensure subject verb-agreement.
L.1.2.p Produce compound sentences.
L.1.2.q Use singular and plural nouns with matching verbs in basic sentence (simple subject/verb agreement).
L.1.2.r Form and use regular and irregular plural nouns.
L.1.2.s Use demonstratives (that, those, these, this).
L.1.3 Demonstrate proficiency in:
L.1.3.t Use question words (interrogatives).
L.1.3.u Produce complete sentences in shared language activities.
L.1.3.v Produce and expand complete simple and compound declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences in response to prompts.
L.1.3.w Common and proper nouns.
L.1.3.x Use regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/.
L.1.3.y Form and use the simple verb tenses (e.g., I walked, I walk; I will walk).
L.1.3.z Use personal, possessive, and indefinite pronouns.
L.1.3.aa Use frequently occurring adjectives.
L.1.3.bb Use articles.
L.1.3.cc Use adjectives depending on what is to be modified.
L.2 Within the context of authentic English writing and speaking
L.2.1.a Use commas in addresses.
L.2.1.b Use commas and quotation marks in dialogue.
L.2.1.c Use commas and quotation marks to mark direct speech and quotations from a text.
L.2.1.d Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction in a compound sentence.
L.2.1.e Use a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of a sentence.
L.2.1.f Use a comma to set off the words yes and no (e.g., Yes, thank you), to set off a tag question from the rest of the sentence (e.g., It's true, isn't it?) and to indicate direct address (e.g., Is that you, Steve?).
L.2.1.g Use underlining, quotation marks, or italics to indicate titles of works.
L.2.2.h Use commas in greetings and closings of letters.
L.2.2.j Generalize learned spelling patterns when writing words (e.g., cage → badge; boy → boil).
L.2.2.k Form and use possessives.
L.2.2.l Use conventional spelling for high-frequency and other studied words.
L.2.2.m Add prefixes and suffixes to base words (e.g., sitting, smiled, cries, happiness).
L.2.2.n Use punctuation to separate items in a series.
L.2.2.o Spell grade-appropriate words correctly, consulting references as needed and/or using spelling patterns and generalizations. (e.g., word families, position-based spelling, syllable patterns, ending rules, meaningful word parts).
L.6 Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading, being read to, and responding to texts, including using adjectives and adverbs to describe (e.g., When other kids are happy that makes me happy).