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Ohio eighth-grade social studies standards

Alignments coming soon

IXL's eighth-grade skills will be aligned to the Ohio New Learning Standards soon! Until then, you can view a complete list of eighth-grade standards below. Be sure to check out the unlimited social studies practice questions in IXL's 75 eighth-grade skills.



  • Historical Thinking and Skills

    • 1 Primary and secondary sources are used to examine events from multiple perspectives and to present and defend a position.

  • Colonization to Independence

    • 2 North America, originally inhabited by American Indians, was explored and colonized by Europeans for economic and religious reasons.

    • 3 Competition for control of territory and resources in North America led to conflicts among colonizing powers.

    • 4 The practice of race-based slavery led to the forced migration of Africans to the American colonies. Their knowledge and traditions contributed to the development of those colonies and the United States.

    • 5 The ideas of the Enlightenment and dissatisfaction with colonial rule led English colonists to write the Declaration of Independence and launch the American Revolution.

  • A New Nation

    • 6 The outcome of the American Revolution was national independence and new political, social and economic relationships for the American people.

    • 7 Problems arising under the Articles of Confederation led to debate over the adoption of the U.S. Constitution.

    • 8 Actions of early presidential administrations established a strong federal government, provided peaceful transitions of power and repelled a foreign invasion.

  • Expansion

    • 9 The United States added to its territory through treaties and purchases.

    • 10 Westward expansion contributed to economic and industrial development, debates over sectional issues, war with Mexico and the displacement of American Indians.

  • Civil War and Reconstruction

    • 11 Disputes over the nature of federalism, complicated by economic developments in the United States, resulted in sectional issues, including slavery, which led to the American Civil War.

    • 12 The Reconstruction period resulted in changes to the U.S. Constitution, an affirmation of federal authority and lingering social and political differences.


  • Spatial Thinking and Skills

    • 13 Modern and historical maps and other geographic tools are used to analyze how historic events are shaped by geography.

  • Human Systems

    • 14 The availability of natural resources contributed to the geographic and economic expansion of the United States, sometimes resulting in unintended environmental consequences.

    • 15 The movement of people, products and ideas resulted in new patterns of settlement and land use that influenced the political and economic development of the United States.

    • 16 Cultural biases, stereotypes and prejudices had social, political and economic consequences for minority groups and the population as a whole.

    • 17 Americans began to develop a common national identity among its diverse regional and cultural populations based on democratic ideals.


  • Civic Participation and Skills

    • 18 Participation in social and civic groups can lead to the attainment of individual and public goals.

    • 19 Informed citizens understand how media and communication technology influence public opinion.

  • Roles and Systems of Government

    • 20 The U.S. Constitution established a federal system of government, a representative democracy and a framework with separation of powers and checks and balances.

    • 21 The U.S. Constitution protects citizens' rights by limiting the powers of government.


  • Economic Decision Making and Skills

    • 22 Choices made by individuals, businesses and governments have both present and future consequences.

  • Production and Consumption

    • 23 The Industrial Revolution fundamentally changed the means of production as a result of improvements in technology, use of new power resources, the advent of interchangeable parts and the shift from craftwork to factory work.

  • Markets

    • 24 Governments can impact markets by means of spending, regulations, taxes and trade barriers.

  • Financial Literacy

    • 25 The effective management of one's personal finances includes using basic banking services (e.g., savings accounts and checking accounts) and credit.